History of The Norton Motorcycle Company
Norton is an iconic brand of the classic café racer styled motorcycles made famous in the ’50s and ’60s. Like many British companies that were big around that time, they were hit hard in the U.S. market by the Japanese manufactures and bad management, eventually having to close their doors. Yet thanks to individuals who refused to let the brand die, Norton has made a comeback and is now finding a new generation of fans and followers for its classic motorcycles as well as lovers of a new generation of Nortons.
The Early Years
Originally founded in 1898 by James Lansdowne Norton, the Norton Manufacturing Company produced bicycle parts. Yet, with a level of engineering savvy, James quickly moved into the motorcycle market. In 1902 Norton began manufacturing motorcycles. The first motorcycles used an aftermarket engine made in France and Switzerland. Then in 1908, they began using an engine of their own, and Norton was on its way.
During World War Two, Norton exclusively focused on supporting the war effort by building two motorcycles: one with a sidecar and one without. Norton contributed over 100,000 motorcycles to the war effort, according to Motorcycle Search Engine. Norton quickly turned its focus back to the public market as well as motorcycle racing after the war was over.
Throughout the late 1940s and early 50s, Norton dominated Isle of Man races as well as other racing during that time. This helped Norton develop as a favorite among the Café Racer set. And, in 1968, Norton released the 750 Norton Commando, the last twin piston-engine motorcycle they would release. The Commando turned out to be one of the most well-known models the company produced.
The AMC Years
During the 1950s Norton experienced some financial difficulties and was bought by Associated Motor Cycles (AMC) in 1953. AMC at the time was producing the Matchless and AJS motorcycles, and the acquisition of Norton was considered to be a benefit to the company at the time, as Norton was the largest selling motorcycle brand of the combined company.
AMC closed and moved the Norton factory, to consolidate production, yet left most of the Norton management in place. AMC made numerous improvements to the Norton models, yet sales for the company overall were still down. AMC went out of business in 1966 and was formed into Norton-Villiers.
Like BSA and Triumph Norton was hit hard by quality problems and the import of Japanese motorcycles into the U.S. market. Honda and the other manufactures were importing more reliable and better-priced motorcycles. While British manufacturers dealt with miss-management, labor issues, and problems with quality.
In 1973 the British government stepped in, in an attempt to save the companies, and forced the formation of Norton-Villiers-Triumph (NVT), which included BSA, Triumph, and the remnants of AMC, including Norton-Villiers. The merged company did not last into the ’80s and the company was liquidated, leaving each brand to fend for itself.
Norton spent the 80s and 90s in a series of battles over rights and ownerships, launches and revivals, and many dead on arrival attempts and re-launching the brand. One of which was spearheaded by Kenny Dreer out of Portland, Oregon. His company began restoring older bikes before Kenny attempted to release a newly designed Commando in early 2000. Yet, as with many of the Norton revival attempts, Kenny’s motorcycle never saw a full production release, and he closed down in 2006 due to funding issues.
The Current State of Norton
Numerous companies over the years have attempted to revive the Norton brand. In 2008 Stuart Garner managed to acquire all the rights to the Norton brand. He quickly built a factory and recruited the engineers and leadership team to get the new Norton built. The first Commando made available for sale in roughly 30 years was sold on March 29 2010.Under Garner’s leadership, they added two additional motorcycles to the lineup. All motorcycles are designed with the Café Racer in mind, offering a stylish and classic looking motorcycle with a modern engine and performance. However, high pricing and limited availability resulted in only a few having the ability to ride one of the Norton’s
Unfortunately, and once again due to bad management, in 2020 the company went into administration by the bank because of unpaid taxes and other financial miscalculations, and possibly fraudulent activities. TVS Motor Company, of India, purchased Norton for a reported £16 million has taken over ownership of the company, with Stuart Garner no longer involved in the business.
As to the future of Norton motorcycles, we can only wait and see.